This treatise on the built environment and consequentially man-made structures in Anatolia starts from Prehistory and focuses on the dimensions of space and time in particular. Contemporary approaches to cultural historiography not only aim to highlight the continuity of the dimensions of Space and Time but also to effectively examine and explain the pursuit of the ‘environmental-formal-institutional-semiotic and evolutionary.’ This comparative study covers historic periods and epochs in Anatolia, the major determinant space, whose history is now proven by archaeological findings to start around 500,000 BC. The built environment in Anatolia has a history of nearly twelve thousand years; the contextual consistency methodology followed here exerts buildings to examine the continuous stages of this cultural history in detail. Limiting the extent to 101 buildings has facilitated focusing on the comparison of their functional and formal features in a historical context; these landmarks only become iconic and gain meaning in a mutual relationship with their immediate environment. This book is a compulsive experimental attempt in contemporary cultural historiography with the classifications and chronological order that have enabled the comparisonof functional and stylistic evolution.